Enrouting Towards Silk Industry In India
With sericulture activities spread across 52,360 villages, the Indian silk industry is one of the largest generators of employment and foreign exchange for the country. India enjoys a unique global position in terms of producing all the commercially useful varieties of silk.
The states of Karnataka (8,219 metric tonnes), Andhra Pradesh (6,550 metric tonnes), West Bengal (2,002 metric tonnes), Tamil Nadu (1,185 metric tonnes) and Jammu & Kashmir (141 metric tonnes) were the major producers of mulberry silk in India during 2012-13. In the same year, Jharkhand (1,047 metric tonnes), Chhattisgarh (381 metric tonnes), Odisha (99 metric tonnes) and the North-eastern states produced non-mulberry or wild silks.
Furthermore, the silk production in the country increased to 26,480 MT by end of 2013-14 from the level of 23,679 MTs during the year 2012-13.
In India, the silk industry generates employment for approximately 7.6 million people which includes farmers and small households.
Key Markets and Export Destinations
In 2013-14, Indian silk exports stood at US$ 401.39 million. The readymade garments of silk formed the largest segment, generating around 58 per cent of the export earnings from silk, while natural silk yarn, fabrics and made-ups accounted for around 38 per cent of the silk export earnings.
The US and the UAE are the major export destinations for Indian silk goods, generating combined earnings of around US$ 127.56 million in 2013-14. The UK, France, Italy, Germany and China are the other major export destinations. The segments that are exported in the silk sector include natural silk yarns, fabrics, made-ups, readymade garments, silk carpets and silk waste.